Cycas revoluta

The Sago Palm, or Cycas revoluta, is not really a palm at all - it is a member of the ancient Cycad group of plants which are the oldest seed producing plants on earth. They predate the dinosaurs and reached the peak of their evolution 200 million years ago in the Mesozoic period.


Southern tip of the Japanese island of Kyushu, and the Ryukyu islands which include Okinawa and Iriomote

Cycas revoluta
Conservation Status:-

Not endangered

Sun Requirements:-

Full sun to partial shade

Water Requirements:-

Medium, drought tolerant when established

Minimum Temperature:-

-7 Degrees C

Overall Height:-

5-20 feet


6-10 feet


Clustering, up to 9 inches in diameter, texture is patterned with old leaf base remnants, older specimens sometimes develop branching trunks


Pinnate, up to 3-5 feet long, dark green waxy and very stiff leaflets

Flowers:- male cone

Cycads do not produce true flowers - cones emerge from the top of the plant

Male plants produce something that resembles a yellow pine cone up to 2 feet long. This is known as a microsporophyll. Pollen is released at maturity when the scales on the surface of the cone open

female cone

The female plant produces what is called a megasporophyll, which is in fact modified leaves. These are tan coloured and large orange/red seeds lay between the ragged scales which take about two months to mature, by which time the megasporophyll starts to fall apart


1-3 inched in length, oval, brown


Dioecious, male and female flowers occur on separate plants

Pests & Diseases:-

Scales, mealey bugs

Seed Germination:-

Easily between 1-3 months



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